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Development of a Scale for Assessing the Level of Computer Familiarity of TOEFL Examinees TOEFL CAT

Author(s):
Eignor, Daniel; Taylor, Carol; Kirsch, Irwin S.; Jamieson, Joan
Publication Year:
1998
Report Number:
RR-98-07, TOEFL-RR-60
Source:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Report
Page Count:
32
Subject/Key Words:
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), Computer Literacy, Questionnaires, Measures (Individuals), Test Bias, Computer Assisted Testing, Factor Analysis, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language)

Abstract

The second purpose is to provide details on the procedures used to assess the underlying factor structure of the complete questionnaire. Factor analysis procedures (specifically, a principal factors approach with both varimax orthogonal and promax oblique rotations) were used for both purposes. Eleven items, which loaded heavily on the first factor of a two-factor common factor solution with promax oblique rotation, were selected to create a computer familiarity score. This score was then used to classify TOEFL examinees into one of three familiarity groups: low, moderate, and high. A four-factor common factor solution with promax oblique rotation was seen as providing the best accounting of the underlying factor structure of the complete questionnaire.

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