skip to main content skip to footer

A General Procedure to Assess the Internal Structure of a Noncognitive Measure--The Student360 Insight Program (S360) Time Management Scale S360

Ling, Guangming; Rijmen, Frank
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Factorial Structure, Time Management Exploratory Factor Analysis, Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Residual Dependence, Noncognitive Measures, Student 360: Insight Program (S360)


The factorial structure of the Time Management (TM) scale of the Student 360: Insight Program (S360) was evaluated based on a national sample. A general procedure with a variety of methods was introduced and implemented, including the computation of descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Overall, the results indicated that the TM scale measured multidimensional constructs of TM with 5 factors. The paper concludes with a discussion of several issues concerning the wording of items and residual dependencies, as well as future directions for research.

Read More