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Interpreting TOEFL ITP® Scores

TOEFL ITP Level 1 and Level 2 Tests

To help you interpret TOEFL ITP® Level 1 and Level 2 test scores, ETS has conducted several studies, including a score mapping study to the levels of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR), a score descriptor study and a reliability study.

CEFR Mapping Study

Results of the CEFR mapping provide the minimum TOEFL ITP section scores for 4 of the levels defined in the CEFR (A2, B1, B2 and C1).

The table below shows the scaled cut scores for each section of the TOEFL ITP Level 1 and Level 2 tests.

CEFR Levels Total Cut Score Listening Comprehension Structure and Written Expression Reading Comprehension
C1 627 64 64 63
B2 543 54 53 56
B1 460 47 43 48
A2 337 38 32 31

For more information, download Mapping TOEFL ITP Scores to the Common European Framework of Reference.

Score Descriptors

As reported in the study Facilitating the interpretation of English language proficiency scores: Combining scale anchoring and test score mapping methodologies, ETS developed score descriptors to help score users interpret TOEFL ITP test scores and to provide institutions, teachers and test takers with a better understanding of students' English-language proficiency, including areas of strength and areas that need improvement.

Download TOEFL ITP Level 1 Score Descriptors.

Download TOEFL ITP Level 2 Score Descriptors.

Reliability Study

Reliability is an important criterion to measure the quality of an assessment product. Tests with high reliability yield consistent scores across different test forms.

For more information, download the TOEFL ITP® Reliability Table for TOEFL ITP Level 1 and Level 2 tests.

TOEFL ITP Speaking Test

To help you interpret TOEFL ITP Speaking scores, ETS conducted a score mapping study to the levels of the CEFR and developed score descriptors.

CEFR Mapping Study

The table below shows the scaled cut scores for the TOEFL ITP Speaking test.

CEFR Levels Cut Score
C1 64
B2 58
B1 48
A2 41

Score Descriptors

ETS developed the TOEFL ITP Speaking test score descriptors based on CEFR descriptors at the given levels of proficiency and language from the rubrics used to score the TOEFL ITP Speaking pilot test. These rubrics informed the AI scoring for the TOEFL ITP Speaking Test.

Download TOEFL ITP Speaking Score Descriptors.