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TOEFL® Family Research Program

Advancing the field of English-language learning and assessment

Select a topic below to learn more about the TOEFL® Family Research Program.
 

TOEFL Research Insight Series

The TOEFL Research Insight Series is a set of publications presenting TOEFL research in an easy-to-understand format for institutions and teachers who use TOEFL test scores. The series details the extensive research and development behind the TOEFL test as well as ETS’s ongoing commitment to research.
 

Vol. 1: TOEFL iBT® Test Framework and Test Development

Provides an overview of the TOEFL iBT test’s purpose, structure, contents, development, scoring and item review processes.
 


Vol. 2: TOEFL® Research

Explains how TOEFL research is conducted by ETS and the global academic community through the TOEFL Committee of Examiners (COE) research program.
 


Vol. 3: Reliability and Comparability of TOEFL iBT® Scores

Introduces the key assessment concept of reliability and describes how ETS ensures TOEFL iBT scores are reliable.
 


Vol. 4: Validity Evidence Supporting the Interpretation and Use of TOEFL iBT® Scores

Introduces the central notion of score validity and presents the validity argument for the TOEFL iBT test.
 


Vol. 5: Information for Score Users, Teachers, and Learners

Presents critical information for TOEFL iBT stakeholders, including appropriate score use guidelines.
 


Vol. 6: TOEFL® Program History

Presents the history of the TOEFL program, from the 1960s to today.


Vol. 7: TOEFL Junior® Framework and Test Development

Provides an overview of the purpose, structure, contents, development, scoring and item review processes of the TOEFL Junior tests.
 


Vol. 8: TOEFL Primary® Framework and Test Development

Presents an overview of the purpose, structure, contents, development, scoring and item review processes of the TOEFL Primary tests.
 


Vol. 9: Guidelines for Setting Useful Score Requirements for the TOEFL iBT® Test

Details TOEFL iBT test resources that can help score users make admission decisions on international student applicants.
 


Vol. 10: Using TOEFL iBT® Test Scores for Selecting International Teaching Assistants

Recommends how to use TOEFL iBT test score requirements to effectively select international teaching assistants.