ETS® TOEFL® - Test Structure for the TOEFL iBT® Test


Video duration: 01:13


INSTRUCTOR: Before you take your TOEFL iBT® test, make sure you understand how it is structured. The test has four sections — reading, listening, speaking, and writing — and takes about three hours.

First is the Reading section. It has three academic reading passages, each with 10 multiple choice questions. Next is the Listening section. It has five listening passages. Three are academic lectures with six questions each, and two are campus conversations with five questions each. Your test may include additional unscored questions for reading or listening, but never both. Then there is a 10-minute break.

After the break are the Speaking and Writing sections. In the Speaking section, there are four tasks and you speak your responses into the microphone. The Writing section has two essays that you type into the computer or write on paper depending on the testing option you chose. All four sections use real academic content so you can prove you are ready for the English-language demands of a university.